Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) are caused by a sudden trauma to the head, causing in damage to the skull, resulting in bruising and pressure on the brain tissue. TBI usually result in localised damage to the brain, but there can also be some shearing and tearing of the brain tissue and nerve fibres in other areas of the brain, causing more widespread damage. Following TBI, there can also be some damage to bones, muscles and tissues throughout the rest of the body.
Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is any damage to the brain that has occurred since birth and is non-progressive. Acquired Brain Injuries can be classified as traumatic brain injuries (TBI) or non-traumatic brain injuries.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI):
Non-traumatic Brain Injury:
Non-traumatic brain injury is caused by a disease or some form of damage to the brain tissue. This can be gradual onset such as a tumour, or sudden onset such as a disruption to the blood supply. Like TBIs these can cause either localised damage or more widespread damage.
Each individual with ABI presents with different symptoms and needs, depending on the area affected and extent of the damage to the brain.
At The Waterfall Clinic we acknowledge the importance of working with the multi-disciplinary team, therefore by working closely with members of the family, carers and other health care professionals we are able to co-ordinate treatment of each individual to help them achieve their maximum potential.
Following Acquired Brain Injury, rapid recovery often happens within the first 6 months, followed by the most progress happening within the first 2 years. However, improvements in function and cognition can continue to happen for many years following the initial injury.
Some of the physiotherapy treatments we offer can help to:
- Increase muscle strength through strengthening and mobilisation exercises
- Improve balance and mobility through assessment of different seating and mobility aids and postural re-education
- Increase sensation through sensory stimulation
- Reduce muscle stiffness, spasms and pain through stretching programmes
- Reduce the risk of falls through balance work, gait re-education and training
- Help reduce foot drop through electrical stimulation and various orthotics
- Increase independence and quality of life through functional training
”I brought my father to the Waterfall Clinic last year. He was unable to walk and so fearful of walking. Johanne used a walking hoist with him in the bars and he was able to step and walk for the first time in so long. It was so fantastic to see him smiling and standing again. Johanne was so amazing with him, I cannot thank her enough for giving us both a glimmer of hope for the futureTerri McComiskey
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and rehabilitation gym